Peroneal Tendon Dislocation/Dysfunction
At the Markham Foot Care Clinic, we believe that patients can better recognize a foot or ankle problem when they understand what their problem is, what is causing it , and how it is treated. That is why we offer a wonderful resource for our patients: the Patient Education Library.
Our library has a vast amount of information about a wide range of foot and ankle problems along with advice and tips about how to keep your feet as healthy as possible. If you have questions about How to Pick the Right Shoe, What are the Signs of An Ingrown Toenail, What is a Bunion, or any other foot or ankle related question, don’t hesitate to consult our website!
The links in the left column of this page will take you to pages full of useful information concerning the world of feet. If you would like to keep informed about what’s new with feet or would like to get more great tips about foot care, like us on Facebook, follow us on twitter, watch our videos on youtube, or subscribe to our blogs!
Peroneal tendons are two tendons that support two important foot muscles (peroneus brevis and peroneus longus) that originate on the outside of the calves. These two muscles allow you to roll to the outside of the foot while standing.
Peroneal tendons are also called stirrup tendons because they help hold up the arch of the foot. The two muscles are held in place by a band of tissue, called the peroneal retinaculum. Injury to the retinaculum can cause this tissue to stretch or tear. When this happens, the peroneal tendons can dislocate from their groove on the back of the fibula. The tendons can be seen to roll over the outside of the fibula, which damages the tendons.
Skiing, football, basketball, and soccer are the most common sports activities leading to peroneal tendon dislocation. In some cases, ankle sprains have also caused this condition. Patients usually have to use crutches after such an injury, in order to allow the retinaculum tissue to heal and the tendons to move back to their natural position on the fibula. Sometimes a splint or compression bandage is applied to decrease swelling. Anti-inflammatory medications and ice are often part of the treatment. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications.
In moderate to severe cases of injury, when the peroneal retinaculum is torn or severely stretched and susceptible to dislocation, surgery may be required.