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Blisters, corns, and callouses are three of the most common foot problems Canadians experience. Each condition can easily pop up and ruin your day by leaving your feet aching and in pain. Why do these foot problems develop so easily? Chiropodist Brian Cragg provides information on blisters, corns, and callouses so you can be informed as to why they occur, and how to stop them from developing once and for all.


Blisters occur whenever there is friction between your skin and your shoe. Whether it is an improper fit of shoe, a shoe that rubs in the same spot of your foot, or from not wearing socks with your shoes, blisters will develop. A blister is made up of a clear liquid and can usually be left alone to heal naturally as it helps protect your foot from infection. If the blister doesn’t go away, use a sterile needle to pop the blister so the skin can reattach. Wash the affected area and apply antibacterial cream with a bandage to prevent infection until the skin is fully healed.


A corn is a build-up of hard skin that usually develops on the tops of the toes or in between toes.  A corn occurs because of pressure from shoes that cause friction. Avoid cutting the corn or attempting to remove it with a sharp object. Instead, after you shower, use a pumice stone to gently remove the built-up tissue. Padding inserts can also be used to add cushioning when wearing shoes.


Callouses usually develop on the underside of the foot where there is a build-up of hard skin. Unevenly distributed weight, or improper fitting shoes, can cause calluses to form. Removing the hardened skin with a pumice stone, or using extra padding on the affected areas, can help treat callouses. Medications can also be prescribed to help soften the callous.

To prevent these three conditions from being a hassle in your life, make sure you follow these tips:

  • Always wear a proper fit shoe that is supportive to your feet.
  • Wear socks with your shoes as much as possible.
  • Give your feet rest and proper treatment by washing them regularly with warm water.

If you are experiencing further complications with your blisters, corns, or callouses, please contact our office to set up an appointment with Brian. Let him help you maintain your foot health without worry of painful problems!


Soccer Foot Injuries

You’re headed down centre field expertly dribbling the ball. An opponent steps in your way and you quickly maneuver to sidestep around them. Bam! In two seconds flat you’re down on the ground thriving in pain. That’s all it takes – just a simple misstep and you’re on the bench with a sprain. Soccer is a sport a lot of footwork. This in turn means there are plenty of opportunities for foot injuries to occur. If you don’t want a painful foot injury to keep you on the bench, take a moment to review some of the most common soccer related foot injuries that Chiropodist Brain Cragg treats. They include:

Each injury or foot condition can occur during the game due to constant running, foot contact with the ball and with other players. A simple misstep or turn of the ankle can result in a sprain that will leave you in severe pain with a guarantee of necessary recovery time. It’s important to seek medical attention if you’re experiencing severe foot pain after a soccer game. In some cases, recovery can take up to a few months without playing time.

To make sure your playing time isn’t cut short, Brian strongly encourages the following soccer safety tips.

  • Proper fitting soccer cleats. Wearing the right cleat will support your foot decrease your risk for a foot injury occurring during a game. To add extra cushioning and support, use insoles.
  • Warm up. Always take time before a soccer game to stretch and slowly jog in order to warm up your foot muscles so they are flexible and loose.
  • Check the field. It can be easy to miss a small hole or uneven ground on a soccer field when you’re in the game, but a simple trip from it can result in an ankle sprain. Make sure the playing field is level and the grass is cut short to prevent any slip-ups from happening.

If you are suffering from foot pain due to soccer related injury or any other issue, please contact our office right away to set up an appointment with Brian.  He will thoroughly examine your foot and provide proper treatment.

Foot health may not come to mind when issues concerning your heart health are brought up.  However, warning signs in your feet, because of poor blood circulation, can tell you that there may be a more serious problem related to your heart condition.

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) occurs when a blockage or narrowing of the arteries in your legs due to plaque buildup causes poor flood flow circulation throughout your legs and feet. Not only does the narrowing of arteries in the legs cause poor blood flow circulation, but it can also increase your risk for heart attack and stroke by a six times greater chance. If you’ve noticed the following symptoms in your feet, it’s critical to visit Brian Cragg, foot specialist at Markham Foot Care Clinic right away as they may be warning signs for a serious disease such as PAD. Early detection can improve your chances to slow the progression of the disease and decrease your risk for heart attack and stroke.

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Pain or fatigue in your legs or thighs that occurs when you walk
  • Foot pain that disrupts your sleep
  • Foot wounds or ulcers that are slow to heal

Brian can run tests determining if you have PAD and can recommend the proper treatment to protect your foot and heart health. PAD can be treated with lifestyle changes and medicine including:

  • Controlling blood pressure
  • Lowering cholesterol
  • Preventing clotting
  • Managing high blood sugar if you have diabetes
  • Maintaining a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly

With a serious disease such as PAD that affects millions of the population, it’s important to improve your circulation, starting with your feet! Brian Cragg offers these simple tips to improve circulation to your feet.

  • Walk regularly. Increasing circulation can be as easy as going for a daily walk that will help reduce weight and prevent fluid retention as well.
  • Wear properly fitting shoes to prevent blood flow restriction in your feet and ankles.
  • Elevate your feet while relaxing. By simply putting your feet up it encourages blood flow and fluid drainage.

Work to improve circulation in order to protect yourself from serious heart diseases like PAD! A great way to add walking in your routine is to participate in various walks either to raise funds or awareness. the Toronto Challenge held on June 10, 2012 is a great option. They host a 5k run, 5k walk or 1k walk. Proceeds will be used for non-profit organizations throughout the community who work to improve the quality of life for our seniors.  If you have any further questions or concerns with your foot health, please contact our office to set up an appointment with our chiropodist, Brian Cragg.

With spring finally here - marathon running season and training has begun! If you’re a long distance runner don’t overlook socks.  Not wearing socks can cause blisters and foot pain.  However, form-fitting socks are important to invest in this running season because they can benefit your running capabilities and keep you safe from foot pain.

So what kind of socks are the right designs for your feet? Chiropodist Brian Cragg recommends the following sock brands to consider when looking for a pair that will fit your running needs mile after mile.  They include:

  • ASICS Kinsei Classic Quarter. These ankle cut socks have mesh panels to keep your feet fresh and dry for hours, while providing superb cushioning with an arch-hugging fit.
  • DRYMAX Triathlon Socks. These socks are fit to hold over the miles without shifting or slipping in your shoes and are both silky and stretchy for a tight hold.
  • FEETURES! Elite Socks. These socks are so form fitting, runners often consider them to be a “second skin.” The open meshed sock hugs and secures the feet with each step.
  • ICEBREAKER RUN Ultralite Micro socks. Made with lightweight and durable wool, these socks are made to stay dry and snug on your feet for wet runs.
  • NIKE Elite Stability 2.0 Cushioned Low Cut socks. These seamless socks cradle the shape of your foot and do a great job of wicking sweat.
  • SMARTWOOL PHD Running Light Mini Socks. These socks are made for endurance running.  They give plush cushioning under the heel and ball of the foot that can continue to make your feet feel good even after ten miles.

If you’re readying yourself for spring training, start by investing in the proper footwear and socks that will benefit your feet, running style, and keep you from being off your feet with foot pain.   Contact our office to set up an appointment with Brian Cragg if you are experiencing any foot pain as a result from running.

Are there other brands of socks you count on to keep your feet secure and comfortable during your lengthy runs? Please share by commenting below!




December 15, 2010
Category: Uncategorized
Tags: Untagged

Welcome To Our Blog

Whether you are an existing patient or searching for a podiatrist in the Markham area, we're excited you are here. With the podiatry industry advancing, we recognize the importance of keeping our patients and visitors up to date with all of the new and exciting things taking place in our practice.

As we move forward with our blog, we hope to promote podiatric awareness as a vital part of your healthy, active lifestyle.Here you will find a variety of articles and topics including the latest developments in podiatry, podiatric treatments and helpful foot care advice from the Markham Foot Care Clinic.

We hope you find our blog to be helpful, engaging and informational to ensure the long-term health of your feet.
As always, feel free to contact us with any questions or concerns.

- The Staff at Markham Foot Care Clinic